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Center for Epidemiologic Studies
Depression Scale
(CES-D)
Radloff, L.S. The CES-D Scale: A self-report depression scale for research in the general population. Applied Psychological Measurement,1:385-401 (1977).

For the 20 items below, circle the number next to each item that best reflects how frequently the indicated event was experienced in the past 7 days.

DURING THE PAST WEEK:  

Rarely or none of the time (less than 1 day)
Some or a little of the time (1-2 days)
Occasionally or a moderate amount of time (3-4 days)
Most or all of the time (5-7 days)

1. I was bothered by things that usually don’t bother me.

0
1
2
3

2. I did not feel like eating; my appetite was poor.

0
1
2
3

3. I felt that I could not shake off the blues even with help from my family or friends.

0
1
2
3

4. I felt that I was just as good as other people.

3
2
1
0

5. I had trouble keeping my mind on what I was doing.

0
1
2
3

6. I felt depressed.

0
1
2
3

7. I felt that everything I did was an effort.

0
1
2
3

8. I felt hopeful about the future.

3
2
1
0

9. I thought my life had been a failure.

0
1
2
3

10. I felt fearful.

0
1
2
3

11. My sleep was restless.

0
1
2
3

12. I was happy.

3
2
1
0

13. I talked less than usual.

0
1
2
3

14. I felt lonely.

0
1
2
3

15. People were unfriendly.

0
1
2
3

16. I enjoyed life.

3
2
1
0

17. I had crying spells.

0
1
2
3

18. I felt sad.

0
1
2
3

19. I felt that people disliked me.

0
1
2
3

20. I could not get "going."

0
1
2
3

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obtained from http://www.psy-world.com